1. Look around your house for things that could fall or move and
secure them. Tall and heavy furniture could topple over, such as bookcases, china cabinets or wall units. Hang heavy pictures and mirrors away from beds, couches, and anywhere people sit. Keep breakables or heavy objects on bottom shelves.
2. Keep away of windows, fireplaces, or appliances if a quake hits. The kitchen is a dangerous place, with large appliances that could fall over or be pushed violently from walls and floors; knife sets that could be knocked from counters and natural gas lines that could suddenly sprout leaks and fill your kitchen with explosive gas fumes (if a spark occurs, your kitchen would be the first place to erupt in flames)
3. Stay away from anything that could conceivably fall on you.
Don’t run downstairs or rush outside while the building is shaking, or hile
there is a danger of falling or being hit by falling glass or debris.
4. Before and after a quake, repair any deep cracks in ceilings,
chimneys, or foundations. Get expert advice if there are signs of structural defects. Unnoticed damage could cause a fire – or worse.Also, repair defective electrical wiring and leaky gas connections, because these are potential fire risks.
5. Secure all chemicals, fuel, and bleach. Store weed killers, pesticides, and flammable products securely in closed cabinets with latches and on bottom shelves.
6. Keep food and water supplies on hand.
You should be prepared to take care of yourself for a period of 72 hours (and possibly longer, depending on the severity of the earthquake). 72 hours under normal circumstances is how long it is estimated for help to arrive, as they have to deal with the same predicaments as you.
7. Create a family disaster plan.
Discuss with your family the types of disasters that could occur. Explain to
your kids how to prepare and respond to each type of disaster. Print the plan for everyone.
8. Teach all family members how and when to turn off gas, electricity, and water and learn how to help kids cope with disaster. You must try to maintain calm and to respond with a plan of action. Your calm confidence can help your kids respond in the same way or simply help minimize the trauma they would otherwise feel. If they see you panicking, they are more likely to panic as well. Teach children how and when to call 911, police, fire department, and which radio station to tune to for emergency information.
9. Check for injuries to yourself and those around you; give first aid where you can. If a person is bleeding, put direct pressure on the wound and use clean gauze, or cloth if available. If a person is not breathing administer CPR. Do not attempt to move seriously injured persons unless they are in further danger of injury. Cover the wounded with blankets to keep them warm. Seek medical help for serious injuries.
10. Listen to a battery-operated radio or television for the latest emergency information. Return home only when authorities say it is safe.