1. Make a plan. If a nuclear attack does happen, it won’t be safe to venture outside for food — you should plan on staying in your shelter for a minimum of 200 hours (8-9 days). Under no circumstances leave the shelter in the first forty-eight hours Having food and medical supplies on-hand can put your mind at-ease, and allow you to focus on other aspects of survival
2. Stock up on non-perishable food and water. Non-perishables can last several years, whether it’s in storage or in sustaining you after an attack
White rice, wheat, beans, sugar,honey, Oats, pasta, powdered milk, dried fruits and vegetables. And make sure you have a can opener for canned items.
A water supply must be kept in food-grade plastic containers. Clean the containers with a bleach solution, then fill them with filtered and distilled water. The goal is to have one gallon per person per day. You can purify water in the event of an attack with potassium iodide (Lugol’s solution)
3. Stay informed, as well as alert others to your position, can be vitally valuable. Here’s what you might come in hand:
* A radio: Try to find one that’s crank- or solar-powered. If you have to go with a
battery-operated model, be sure to keep spare batteries on-hand.
* A whistle: You can use this to signal for help.
* Your cell phone: Cell service may or may not be maintained, but you’ll want to be
ready if it is. If you can, find a solar charger for your model.
Keep an eye on the news. A nuclear attack will unlikely come out of the blue from
an enemy nation. A war with conventional weapons between nations that both have
nuclear weapons, if not ended swiftly, may escalate towards nuclear war; and even
limited nuclear strikes in one region carry the likelihood to escalate towards an all-out
nuclear war elsewhere.
4. Prepare a basic first aid kit: You can purchase these pre-packaged, or make one yourself. You’ll need sterile gauze and bandages, antibiotic ointment, latex gloves, scissors, tweezers, a thermometer and a blanket. Of course if you don’t know how to use them you should purchase a first aid instruction booklet, from an organization like the Red Cross, or assemble your own with materials you print off from the internet. You should know how to bandage wounds, administer CPR, treat shock, and treat burns.
* Prescription medications or supplies: If you take a specific medication every day, try
to make sure you have a small emergency supply built-up.
5. To help prevent Beta burns Wear all clothing (hats, gloves, goggles, closed sleeve shirt, etc.), especially when outside. Decontaminate by shaking your clothes constantly and washing, with water, any exposed skin; settled residue will eventually cause burns.
6. Treat radiation and thermal burns. Minor burn: Also known as a Beta burn (though it may be from other particles). Immerse Beta burns in cold water until the pain subsides (usually 5 minutes). Severe burn: Known as a thermal burn, as it comes mostly from the high intensity blast heat, rather than ionizing particles, though it can be from the latter. In this case, gently wash the burned area with water ONLY. Do NOT apply creams or ointments. Moreover, do NOT use a normal sterile medical dressing not specifically intended for burns.
7. Be prepared for subsequent attacks. Most likely, a nuclear attack will not be a singular event. Be prepared for another strike or strikes by enemy nations, or an invasion by the attacking party.
* Keep your shelter intact, unless the materials used are absolutely necessary for survival. Collect any excess clean water and food that is available.